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Repetitive Peripheral Magnetic Stimulation as Pain Management Solution in Musculoskeletal and Neurological Disorders – A Pilot Study

Kazalakova K.

Pirogov Hospital, Sofia, Bulgaria

Improvement described by 87 % of the patients

Kalazakova_study_thumb

Aim of this study was to investigate pain relief effect and improving of the difficulties in performing Activities of Daily Living (ADL) achieved by rPMS among patients with acute and chronic conditions assosiated with musculoskeletal and neurological painful disorders.

Background and Objectives

Non-invasive therapeutic approaches without negative side-effects are desirable in pain condition treatment where the mobility limiting factor is also there. Repetitive peripheral magnetic stimulation (rPMS) is considered a promising curative method from different perspectives. Because of wide range of therapeutic effects, therapy is mainly indicated in musculoskeletal and neurological disorders.

Methods

40 patients (n = 23 women, n = 17 men) with acute and chronic painful condition and difficulty to perform ADL accompanying musculoskeletal or neurological disorders were comprised in the study. All patients were treated with rPMS. The therapy parameters were adjusted to patient's condition. Patients with acute pain underwent daily treatments (n = 5). Patients with chronic pain underwent treatments three times per week (n = 10). The pain presence was evaluated by a 10-point Visual Analog Scale (VAS) for Pain Presence. Difficulties to perform ADL were evaluated by Patient Functional Assessment Questionnaire (PFAQ) for ADL. A three-month follow-up was completed. All collected data were further evaluated.

Results

There was a statistically significant difference in the before/after condition comparison. Majority of participants described pain decrease (87.33 %) on VAS for Pain and improvement (41.33 %) in ability to perform ADL after the course of treatment. A three-month follow up showed persisting improvement [to 42.04 % (vs. before treatment condition)] in ADL performing abilities.

Conclusions

Similar results proved that rPMS therapy can be used as an effective and non-invasive treatment of painful condition with ADL limiting factor accompanying musculoskeletal and neurological disorders. Persisting pain relief effect and ameliorating patient quality of life were observed.

Published in

International Journal of Physiotherapy, 2016, Vol. 3(6), p. 671–675

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